The Nobel Prize in Physics 2018. Today, We are sharing with you Complete List of The Nobel Prize in Physics 2018.
Arthur Ashkin: received the prize for the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems. The tweezers can capture living bacteria without harming them, a breakthrough he achieved back in 1987. Since then, these instruments have been widely used ‘to investigate the machinery of life’.
Gerard Mourou and Donna: Strickland were jointly awarded for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses. They created ultrashort high-intensity laser pulses without destroying the amplifying material, thus paving the way towards the shortest and most intense laser pulses ever created by mankind. Their innovative technique, known as ‘chirped pulse amplification’ (CPA), has now become standard for high-intensity lasers, including the ultra-sharp beams used in corrective eye surgeries.
Strickland became the first woman to receive the award in 55 years after Marie Curie won it in 1903 and Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963.
The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden with a prize of one million USD.
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